2 Enoch 8:1

Pseudepigrapha (Secrets of Enoch)

1 And those men took me thence, and led me up on to the third heaven, and placed me there; and I looked downwards, and saw the produce of these places, such as has never been known for goodness. 2 And I saw all the sweet-flowering trees and beheld their fruits, which were sweetsmelling, and all the foods borne (by them) bubbling with fragrant exhalation. 3 And in the midst of the trees that of life, in that place whereon the Lord rests, when he goes up into paradise; and this tree is of ineffable goodness and fragrance, and adorned more than every existing thing; and on all sides (it is) in form gold-looking and vermilion and fire-like and covers all, and it has produce from all fruits. 4 Its root is in the garden at the earth’s end. 5 And paradise is between corruptibility and incorruptibility. Source

Date: 30 B.C.E - 70 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

2 Corinthians 12:2

New Testament

1 It is necessary to go on boasting. Though it is not profitable, I will go on to visions and revelations from the Lord. 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago (whether in the body or out of the body I do not know, God knows) was caught up to the third heaven. 3 And I know that this man (whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, God knows) 4 was caught up into paradise and heard things too sacred to be put into words, things that a person is not permitted to speak. 5 On behalf of such an individual I will boast, but on my own behalf I will not boast, except about my weaknesses. Source

Date: 55-57 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

"... This means that for Paul the third heaven and paradise are the same place, or that paradise is located in the third heaven. Here Paul's perception of the celestial order is in harmony with the cosmology of 2 Enoch (8:1-8) and the Apocalypse of Moses (40:2). For Paul, the third heaven may be the highest, though the tendency in later apocalyptic literature is to add heavens. In Paradise, Paul should have viewed the final abode of the souls of the righteous; and in the highest heaven, he should have seen cosmic paraphernalia, angelic beings, and the radian throne of God. However, Paul does not say that he saw anything, but that he heard "unutterable utterances". Paul does not relate anything about what he has heard or seen. 2 Corinthians 12, therefore, describes an revelatory experience through which nothing is communicated."

Baird, William Visions, Revelation, and Ministry: Reflections on 2 Cor 12:1-5 and Gal 1:11-17 (pp. 651-662) Journal of Biblical Literature Vol. 104 No. 4, 1985

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... This means that for Paul the third heaven and paradise are the same place, or that paradise is located in the third heaven. Here Paul's perception of the celestial order is in harmony with the cosmology of 2 Enoch (8:1-8) and the Apocalypse of Moses (40:2). For Paul, the third heaven may be the highest, though the tendency in later apocalyptic literature is to add heavens. In Paradise, Paul should have viewed the final abode of the souls of the righteous; and in the highest heaven, he should have seen cosmic paraphernalia, angelic beings, and the radian throne of God. However, Paul does not say that he saw anything, but that he heard "unutterable utterances". Paul does not relate anything about what he has heard or seen. 2 Corinthians 12, therefore, describes an revelatory experience through which nothing is communicated."

Baird, William Visions, Revelation, and Ministry: Reflections on 2 Cor 12:1-5 and Gal 1:11-17 (pp. 651-662) Journal of Biblical Literature Vol. 104 No. 4, 1985

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.