Dead Sea Scrolls

1QH 14

The Thanksgiving Hymns

I will be a stumbling-block to [those who swallow me up, and a snare to] all those who battle against me; [I will be for my enemies a] cause of shame, and a cause of disgrace to those who murmur against me. For Thou, O my God ... Thou wilt plead my cause; for it is according to the mystery of Thy wisdom that Thou hast rebuked me. Thou wilt conceal the truth until [its] time, [and righteousness] until its appointed moment. Thy rebuke shall become my joy and gladness, and my scourges shall turn to [eternal] healing and everlasting [peace]. The scorn of my enemies shall become a crown of glory, and my stumbling (shall change) to everlasting might. For in Thy ... and my light shall shine forth in Thy glory. For as a light from out of the darkness, so wilt Thou enlighten me.

Date: 150 B.C.E. - 100 B.C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates
New Testament

Matthew 5:16

13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if salt loses its flavor, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled on by people! 14 You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 People do not light a lamp and put it under a basket but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all in the house. 16 In the same way, let your light shine before people, so that they can see your good deeds and give honor to your Father in heaven.

Date: 70-90 C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates