1 Enoch 62:2


1 And thus the Lord commanded the kings and the mighty and the exalted, and those who dwell on the earth, and said: 'Open your eyes and lift up your horns if ye are able to recognize the Elect One.' 2 And the Lord of Spirits seated him on the throne of His glory, And the spirit of righteousness was poured out upon him, And the word of his mouth slays all the sinners, And all the unrighteous are destroyed from before his face. 3 And there shall stand up in that day all the kings and the mighty, And the exalted and those who hold the earth, And they shall see and recognize How he sits on the throne of his glory, And righteousness is judged before him, And no lying word is spoken before him. 4 Then shall pain come upon them as on a woman in travail, [And she has pain in bringing forth] When her child enters the mouth of the womb, And she has pain in bringing forth. 5 And one portion of them shall look on the other, And they shall be terrified, And they shall be downcast of countenance, And pain shall seize them, When they see that Son of Man Sitting on the throne of his glory.

Matthew 25:31

New Testament

31 “When the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. 32 All the nations will be assembled before him, and he will separate people one from another like a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33 He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. 34 Then the king will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35 For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in, 36 I was naked and you gave me clothing, I was sick and you took care of me, I was in prison and you visited me.’

 Notes and References

"... Now at this point one might appear incautious and adventurous in using I Enoch at all.1 The absence of chapters xxxvii-lxxi from among the Qumran finds reinforces already existing doubt about dating, and the possibility of Christian interference with the text only increases uncertainty. Nevertheless, I do not believe that I Enoch is unusable nor that the parallelism between lxii-lxiii and Matthew xxv. 31-46 can be discounted, provided the argument is protected in the following way : (a) Even if I Enoch xxxvii-lxxi were, to put it most unfavorably, post-Matthaean in date and demonstrably Christianized in content it could still be used as a means of comparison bringing about a sensitivity to the possibility of similar patterns of thought in Matthew. The existence of such patterns in Matthew would not thereby have been proved, but the possibility of their providing an en tree into the essential structure of the Matthaean material would have been kept open. (b) The age of a document and the age of the traditions contained in it are not necessarily identical, and in this instance we do appear to be dealing with a scheme which is much older than both I Enoch and Matthew. In other words, form-criticism makes a significant contribution here and, in particular, reference must be made to the work of G. W. E. Nickelsburg2 which uncovered the existence of a long-established pre-Enochian scheme describing the exaltation of formerly persecuted persons and the passing of judgement on their erstwhile persecutors. This scheme, which draws on Isaiah xiii-xiv, lii-liii, is picked up in Daniel vii. xii-xiii and can be seen emerging in Wisdom ii. iv-v as well as in I Enoch lxii-lxiii and elsewhere ..."

Catchpole, David R. The Poor on Earth and the Son of Man in Heaven A Re-Appraisal of Matthew 25:31-46 (pp. 355-397) Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 61, 1979

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