1 Enoch 54:5


1 And I looked and turned to another part of the earth, and saw there a deep valley with burning fire. 2 And they brought the kings and the mighty, and began to cast them into this deep valley. 3 And there mine eyes saw how they made these their instruments, iron chains of immeasurable weight. 4 And I asked the angel of peace who went with me, saying: 'For whom are these chains being prepared?' 5 And he said unto me: 'These are being prepared for the hosts of Azâzêl, so that they may take them and cast them into the abyss of complete condemnation, and they shall cover their jaws with rough stones as the Lord of Spirits commanded. 6 And Michael, and Gabriel, and Raphael, and Phanuel shall take hold of them on that great day, and cast them on that day into the burning furnace, that the Lord of Spirits may take vengeance on them for their unrighteousness in becoming subject to Satan and leading astray those who dwell on the earth.'

Matthew 25:41

New Testament

39 When did we see you sick or in prison and visit you?’ 40 And the king will answer them, ‘I tell you the truth, just as you did it for one of the least of these brothers or sisters of mine, you did it for me.’ 41 “Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you accursed, into the eternal fire that has been prepared for the devil and his angels! 42 For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink. 43 I was a stranger and you did not receive me as a guest, naked and you did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.’

 Notes and References

"... The influence of the Parables of Enoch on Matthew 25.31-46 is significant for this study, because it opens up the possibility that the Azazel traditions attested in the Parables have impacted the judgement scene as well. Having narrated the king’s dealings with the righteous ‘sheep’, Matthew writes, ‘Then he will say to those at his left hand, “Depart from me, cursed ones, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels”’ (Matt 25.41). Walck draws attention to a parallel passage in 1 Enoch 54, where Enoch is shown a deep valley with burning fire, into which the kings and the mighty of the earth are thrown (1 Enoch 54.1-2). The patriarch asks his angelus interpres about the great iron chains (1 Enoch 54.3-4), and the angel responds, ‘These are being prepared for the host of Azazel, that they might take them and throw them into the abyss of complete judgement’ (1 Enoch 54.5). A chapter later, Azazel’s punishment is described in more detail: ‘Mighty kings who dwell on the earth, you will have to witness my Chosen One [= Son of Man], how he will sit on the throne of glory and judge Azazel, and all his associates and all his host in the name of the Lord of Spirits’ (1 Enoch 55.4). As Walck remarks, ‘The “Devil and all his angels” (Mt. 25.41) bears a striking resemblance to “Azazel and all his associates and all his host” (1 Enoch 55.4).’ ..."

Moscicke, Hans M. The Final Judgement as Ritual Purgation of the Cosmos: The Influence of Scapegoat Traditions on Matt 25.31–46 (pp. 241-259) New Testament Studies Volume 67 Issue 2, 2021

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