1 Enoch 10:6


3 And now instruct him so that he may escape and his descendants may be preserved for all future generations.' 4 And the Lord also said to Raphael: 'Bind Azâzal hand and foot, and cast him into the darkness: make a hole in the desert in Dûdâel, and throw him in. 5 Place upon him rough and jagged rocks, cover him with darkness, and let him remain there forever, and cover his face so he may not see light. 6 On the day of great judgment he shall be thrown into the fire. And restore the earth which the angels have corrupted, and announce the restoration of the earth, so that the plague may be healed, and all the children of men may not perish due to the secrets that the Watchers have revealed and taught their children.' 8 The entire earth has been corrupted by the deeds taught by Azâzal: attribute all sin to him.'

Jude 1:6

New Testament

4 For certain men have secretly slipped in among you—men who long ago were marked out for the condemnation I am about to describe—ungodly men who have turned the grace of our God into a license for evil and who deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ. 5 Now I desire to remind you (even though you have been fully informed of these facts once for all) that Jesus, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, later destroyed those who did not believe. 6 You also know that the angels who did not keep within their proper domain but abandoned their own place of residence, he has kept in eternal chains in utter darkness, locked up for the judgment of the great Day. 7 So also Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighboring towns, since they indulged in sexual immorality and pursued unnatural desire in a way similar to these angels, are now displayed as an example by suffering the punishment of eternal fire.

 Notes and References

"... Similarly, prior to this quotation, God, having been informed of the Watchers' sexual transgressions, commands that the angels endure punishments similar to those that Jude succinctly presents (1 Enoch 10). Based on these parallels, it is reasonable that Jude is summarizing the Enochic legend of the Watchers, referring not only to their Divine judgment, but the sexual sin that led to it. The final summary in the reminder builds upon an ancient, well-established pattern of referring to Sodom and Gomorrah as paradigms of God's judgment. Jude falls in line with tradition and notes that the cities serve as an example by undergoing the punishment of eternal fire ..."

Hunt, Benjamin B. "Know Your Enemies": Rhetorical Semantics in the Epistle of Jude (p. 97) McMaster Divinity College, 2014

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