1 Enoch 10:4


1 Then said the Most High, the Holy and Great One spake, and sent Uriel to the son of Lamech, and said to him: 2 '〈Go to Noah〉 and tell him in my name "Hide thyself!" and reveal to him the end that is approaching: that the whole earth will be destroyed, and a deluge is about to come upon the whole earth, and will destroy all that is on it. 3 And now instruct him that he may escape and his seed may be preserved for all the generations of the world.' 4 And again the Lord said to Raphael: 'Bind Azâzêl hand and foot, and cast him into the darkness: and make an opening in the desert, which is in Dûdâêl, and cast him therein. 5 And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him with darkness, and let him abide there for ever, and cover his face that he may not see light.

Matthew 22:13

New Testament

9 So go into the main streets and invite everyone you find to the wedding banquet.’ 10 And those slaves went out into the streets and gathered all they found, both bad and good, and the wedding hall was filled with guests. 11 But when the king came in to see the wedding guests, he saw a man there who was not wearing wedding clothes. 12 And he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without wedding clothes?’ But he had nothing to say. 13 Then the king said to his attendants, ‘Tie him up hand and foot and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth!’ 14 For many are called, but few are chosen.”

 Notes and References

"... taking into account the singular character of 10:4a and the fact that there is evidence of glosses in 10:3–4 and similar passages, there may be also some reason to be suspicious about the authenticity of the phrase ποσὶν καὶ χερσίν, καὶ βάλε αὐτὸν εἰς τὸ σκότος. As for its origin, one possible source might be 1 En. 88:1, 3, where E and A (for 88:3) offer a closely similar phrase, except that instead of “the darkness,” the victims (not Asael but the stars, as in 21:3–6 ) are thrown into “an abyss” (88:1 E; cf. 9:4+ Gs; 17:7, 8; 21:7) and into “the pits of the earth” (88:3 E; cf. χαός in 10:13; 20:5). Alternatively, Matt 22:13 offers an even closer, indeed formally identical, parallel. 1 Enoch 10:4a would then be proof of the influence of Matthew’s gospel on the textual tradition of 1 Enoch as it was transmitted and preserved in a Christian milieu."

Verhyden, Joseph "Evidence of 1 Enoch 10:4 in Matthew 22:13?" in Hilhorst, A., et al. Flores Florentino: Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Early Jewish Studies in Honour of Florentino Garcia Martinez (pp. 449-466) Brill, 2007

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